Yesterday's Acadia

Yesterday's Acadia (1604 to 1755)

Yesterday's Acadia is a century and a half of history, from its birth in 1604 to the deportation in 1755. Between 1604 and 1755, Acadia was the theater of a great many upheavals, but with some interspersed peaceful periods. The Acadians were the victims of the duality between France and England.
Some of the events that marked this historical period are listed here:
o A particularly difficult colonisation;
o The numerous conflicts between the French and the English;
o A civil war between La Tour and d'Aulney;
o The 1713 Treaty of Utrecht;
o Demographic growth and expansion of the colony;
o The deportation of the Acadians despite their neutralit

The 'Uprooting' (1755 to 1763)

From 1755 to 1763, the uprooting includes the events that occurred between the deportation until the Treaty of Paris. During that period, the Acadians are unwittingly involved in the "Seven Years War", the conflict opposing France and England.
Historians have retained 1755 as the fateful year in the history of the Acadians. Since then, the demographic landscape has been changed forever. The Acadians were dispossessed and forced off the fertile lands they had cultivated and tamed.

The Entrenchment into Silence (1763 to 1867)

The period of the "Entrenchment into Silence" includes the events that occurred between the 1763 Treaty of Paris and the Acadian Renaissance of 1867.
When peace is finally achieved, in 1763, the Acadians are widely dispersed on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean where we witness a century of migration and of social re-organization. That massive migration was the precursor to what is today's Acadian diaspora. Near the end of this period, there is a growing collective consciousness and the first Acadian members of government are elected.
Also, with the arrival of the first colleges, we are witness to the emergence of the Acadian elite who will become a catalyst to the Acadian Renaissance.

The Acadian Renaissance (1867 to 1960)

The Acadian Renaissance period includes the events that occurred between the beginning of the « Acadian Renaissance » and the election of Louis J. Robichaud (Contemporary Acadia).
This renaissance will be encouraged by the priests and laic elite as well as by a few outside events like the publication of the poem Evangeline by Longfellow, by La France aux colonies by Rameau de Saint-Père and also by the printing of the very first Acadian newspaper, the Moniteur Acadien. For the first time, the Acadians were able to read about their history and their news via their own newspaper. There is a renewed collective awareness of the Acadian identity.
It is also the period of Acadian National Conventions, making it possible to choose national symbols and to establish organizations and agencies whose mission is to further the advancement of the issues that preoccupy the Acadians. Several colleges are founded and the colony expands.

The Contemporary Acadia (1960 to ...)

The modern era has been marked by the arrival of Louis J. Robichaud as Prime Minister of New Brunswick in 1960 and by what he accomplished during his ten years as head of the province's government. In addition to making the province of New Brunswick officially bilingual, his government righted some of the wrongs inflicted upon the Acadian people by endowing them with a French university, a French teacher training college and a more equitable distribution of the school tax. (to learn more about it...)


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